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Child Development: Milestones and Parenting Tips

Your children’s growth, needs, and challenges change rapidly over the years, and so do your parenting concerns. Developing your parenting strategies to keep up with your child’s growth is a huge responsibility. You can go through the process much easier if you become conscious of how to help your children develop as they grow physically, mentally, and emotionally. Periodically, the periods of child development differ from each other.

Child development by age group:

Toddlers (1 and 2 year olds)
Preschoolers (3, 4 and 5 year olds)
School-age children (6 , 7 , 8 and 9 year olds)
Transition period (10 , 11 and 12 year olds)
Teenagers (13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 and 18 year olds)

Physical Child Development: Observe how your child’s body develops and changes, how much he grows, and notice the new motor skills they gain each term.
Emotional Child Development: Discover what emotional changes your child goes through at each step, and the emotional development stages that children of all age groups face.
Social Child Development: Find out how children interact with people, develop friendships, and connect with the world around them at each key milestone.
Cognitive Child Development: Help children unlock the critical thinking and intellectual skills they develop at all ages, and learn about their speaking and language development, the way they play, and the key cognitive milestones they’ve reached.

Child Development Dynamics by Age Group



Children aged 1 and 2 develop rapidly physically, emotionally and cognitively. Developing motor skills creates a space for them when they start to wander around the house. As they develop new language skills, they can better express their wants and needs.


Children who are just learning to walk are impatient and do not hesitate to show their displeasure. Temper tantrums are common because your child is not yet able to verbalize their feelings or know how to deal with the distress.

Parenting Strategies

Since young children are attracted to climbing on furniture, climbing stairs or anything that could pose a danger, it is imperative at this stage to keep your home as safe as possible from danger. They are curious and love to explore.

Potty training can be an important milestone for infancy. Many young children start to feel proud when they can use the potty, and many parents appreciate their children. Parents who no longer have to change diapers rejoice.

It is essential to take appropriate safety precautions. At the same time, it is very important for the development of your toddler not to neglect his healthy diet and to ensure that he gets plenty of sleep.

Preschool Children


Once your toddler reaches the level of a preschooler, you will witness some great social and emotional growth in addition to physical growth. Your child will have a little more control over their emotions and will be interested in learning, playing with other children and pleasing you.

Going to kindergarten can be a very fun activity for many young children. For those with older siblings it helps them feel like a “big kid” while others can be intimidating for kids. Some experience separation anxiety from their parents and their safe spaces, and being around teachers and other children can be overwhelming.


Consistent discipline is key at this time because preschoolers love to wear out adults. Whether it’s whining or “why?” they ask, they may be successful in getting what they want by trying for the 100th time. In fact, at this age they are quite entertaining. They enjoy learning and playing and can be quite affectionate.

Parenting Strategies

Their change and development means that especially their diet and sleep habits are more important than ever. This is the best time to start teaching them how to start taking care of themselves. They are often willing to learn how to dress on their own and may insist on doing as much as they can independently.

School Age Children


Once your child starts school, you will witness some surprising progress in your child’s learning. They will love coming home at the end of the day and showing you what they learned in school. At least they’ll enjoy sharing them for a while.

School-age children also develop in terms of social relationships. They form stronger friendships and take up new interests and hobbies.

However, when you ask your child to do his homework or clean his room, he may resist for a while.

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